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Kegagalan DPD dalam mengusulkan Amandemen UUD 1945 terkait dengan penguatan peran Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD) dalam sistem parlemen dua kamar (Bikameral) beberapa waktu lalu, karena ’politicking’ DPR harus dilihat sebagai tantangan bagi DPD RI. Hal ini perlu ditegaskan karena dalam pengalaman penguatan sistem bikameral di banyak negara, hampir mustahil DPR memberikan sebagian wewenangnya kepada DPD/Senat secara Cuma-Cuma, dibutuhkan semacam insentif politik agar DPR memberikan sebagian wewenanganya dengan terlebih dahulu melakukan Amandemen UUD 1945, khususnya pada pasal-pasal terkait dengan penguatan kewenangan DPD dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia. Read the rest of this entry »

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I. Introduction

It is the contemporary fact that states relation is no longer inside the boundary of the state. People may communicate to each other 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, around the world, without any limitation from state’s bureaucracy or censorship. People may find out what happened at the other side of the world within seconds through television, telephone, internet, or other types of communication device. CNN and Al-Jazeera provide the latest and updated news on conflicts in the Middle East, or even through news in the internet. The speed of people communicating to each other on different countries in this age of time indicated the era of modern and global world. It shows the era where people may easily communicate easier without any barrier. On the other side, globalization also emerge threats for the existing of nation-state. Borderless world as the expression of globalization has made many countries in the world worked harder to keep their sovereignty and nationalism against the attack of globalization. Read the rest of this entry »