The House of Representative has passed the Bill of Social Conflict Management (RUU PKS) by acclamation last April 11th, 2012. However, the express legislation process leaves problem over the interpretation and implementation. The Alliance of Civil Society for Security Sector Reform explicitly rejects the Bill, since it has conflict with other Laws with similar concept and content, such as the TNI Law, the Police Law, and also the Constitution. The House had decided to put it aside and passed the Bill in order to strengthen the role of State security institutions, the police and the military in dealing with social conflicts.

Some articles in the Law of Social Conflict Management have similarities with Bill of National Security, the role of Police and local government in particular, debated and discussed for the last seven years in the House. Article 33 of Law of Social Conflict Management stipulates that Governor/Regent/Mayor may request military support in the time of social conflict based on input and consideration from Local Leaders Coordinating Forum (Forum Muspida). If we cross the article with the Bill of National Security, there is similar concept where local leaders acts as a Chairman of Local Security Forum (FKND) and has authority to request military support in dealing with social conflict or internal security problems.

It is obvious that the Law of Social Conflict Management is the signal from the House to legislate the Bill of National Security as soon as possible. The idea of military support in Internal Security Affair will “overlap” the role of Police in internal security issues, and it has been “overlapped” by the Law of Social Conflict Management. The Indonesia National Police should face the reality on the reduction of role in internal security affairs as its stipulated in Law No.2/2002 on the Police.

The Indonesia National Police shall share responsibilities with the Military in term of security affairs and Internal security based on the Law of Social Conflict Management. One of them is on dealing with social conflicts with tribal and religion nuances, including terrorism issues that have become Police domain based on Law No. 15/2003 on Anti-Terror.

As its known that the Indonesia National Police, for the last ten years have enjoyed high bargaining position in locals related to local and internal security issues, including social conflict resolution, as their main roles and functions.  Now, Police will have low bargaining position in the locals, since local administrators now have more options when dealing with social conflict and security issues in their region.

The Law of Social Conflict Management authorizes local leaders to not only rely on the police but also the military in dealing with internal security problems. It will slowly reduce the police roles in internal and local security affairs and eventually diminish the barrier of police and military roles. It happens when police could not show evidence that their approaches in dealing social conflicts are better than past military approached.

My personal analyze that the Law of Social Conflict Management as a call for the Indonesia National Police to improve their ability and achievement as its best roles. Without it, this Law becomes a justification that police need a support from the military to deal with social conflicts and internal security problems.

The Law of Social Conflict Management should also become a warning for Indonesia National Police to be highly active researching concepts of legal umbrella for its roles and functions. It is important for police to prevent loss in term of their role and function in Internal Security Affairs.